Importance of Renewable Energy and Storage (BESS): Renewable energy, such as solar and wind, plays a fundamental role in the transition towards a more sustainable and carbon-free energy matrix. However, the variability and intermittency of these energy sources pose challenges to the stability and reliability of power grids. Battery energy storage systems (BESS) mitigate these challenges by storing excess energy generated during periods of low demand and releasing it when needed, ensuring a more stable and reliable electricity supply.

Components of a Battery Energy Storage System (BESS):

1. Batteries: Batteries are the fundamental part of a BESS and store electrical energy for later use. Various types of batteries are used, such as lithium-ion, lead-acid, and flow batteries, each with their own performance and cost characteristics.

2. Inverter: The inverter converts direct current (DC) from batteries into alternating current (AC) that can be used by conventional electrical devices. You can also perform the reverse conversion while charging the batteries.

3. Battery Management System (BMS): The BMS monitors and manages the performance and safety of the batteries, controlling parameters such as temperature, state of charge, and charge and discharge current.

4. Transformer: In some cases, a transformer is used to adjust the voltage of the energy storage system to be compatible with the voltage of the electrical grid or the equipment to which power is supplied.

5. Control System: Monitors and manages the overall operation of the BESS, including managing the charging and discharging of batteries, coordinating with the power grid, and monitoring power demand patterns.

6. Control Cabinets and Boxes: They physically house the batteries, inverter, BMS and other electronic equipment, providing mechanical and environmental protection, as well as heat dissipation.

7. Monitoring and Diagnostic System: Provides real-time information on the status and performance of the BESS, allowing operators to monitor and diagnose potential problems.

Source: Ivan Olivos- Linkedin

Main BESS Manufacturers:

Some of the leading battery energy storage system (BESS) manufacturers include:

1. Tesla Energy: With its Powerwall product line for residential applications and Powerpack for commercial and industrial applications, Tesla is one of the leaders in the battery energy storage market.

2. BYD Company: As one of the world's largest battery manufacturers, BYD offers a wide range of energy storage solutions, from residential systems to large-scale projects.

3. LG Chem: LG Chem is a leading lithium-ion battery manufacturer and offers energy storage solutions for various applications, including large-scale storage systems.

4. Panasonic Corporation: Collaborating with Tesla, Panasonic supplies battery cells for Tesla's energy storage products and is a major player in the storage battery market.

5. Samsung SDI: With extensive experience in battery technology, Samsung SDI offers a variety of battery energy storage solutions for residential, commercial and industrial applications.

BESS Market Growth: The BESS market is booming. In 2022, more than $5 billion will be invested in BESS, almost triple the previous year. The global market is projected to reach between $120 billion and $150 billion by 2030, more than double its current size.

Largest Projects with BESS Around the World:

Some of the largest projects with battery energy storage systems (BESS) around the world include:

1. Hornsdale Power Reserve in Australia, developed by Tesla, is one of the largest energy storage projects in the world, with a capacity of 150 MW/194 MWh.

2. The Gateway Energy Storage project in California, USA is another significant project with a storage capacity of 230 MW/230 MWh.

3. The Moss Landing project in California, USA, developed by Vistra Energy, has a storage capacity of 300 MW/1,200 MWh and is one of the largest projects under construction.

4.-Edwards & Sanborn Project in California. Capacity of 875 MWdc in photovoltaic panels and 3,287 MWh in battery energy storage systems.

5.-Coya Project in Chile. 638 MWh of storage capacity.